Different types of mental health disorders

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Did you know over 300 different mental health disorders exist? Take 6 minutes to know about the most common disorders people suffer from!

What is a mental disorder?

Mental disorders are emotional and behavioural patterns that impact our overall mood, thoughts and wellbeing. A mental disorder can also have physical symptoms if not controlled and treated. (To know more about mental disorders click here!)

There are many different types of mental health disorders and there are a vast number of mental health and well-being practices that we can perform to treat these mental disorders. Some of the most common practices include therapy, meditation and journaling! 

What are the different types of mental disorders?

There are many different types of mental disorders that have been identified! The following are the most common:

  1. Anxiety disorders 
  2. Eating disorders 
  3. Mood disorders 
  4. Psychotic disorders 
  5. Personality disorders 
  6. Trauma and stress-related disorders 

Anxiety disorders

Suffering from occasional anxiety is a part of life, but people with anxiety disorders go through frequent intense, overwhelming and long-lasting fear about typical everyday situations. Anxiety disorders may include repetitive episodes of intense fear and anxiety that might overwhelm us within a short period of time. Anxiety disorders can also have physical symptoms such as an irregular heartbeat, headaches, muscle aches and dizziness. 

Some examples of anxiety disorders include Panic Disorder, Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). 

Eating disorders

Eating disorders are sometimes misunderstood as a lifestyle choice. An eating disorder is identified by a pattern of abnormal eating behaviours that leads to a negative outcome for the person’s mental and physical health. Eating disorders are serious mental health disorders that have a negative impact on our physical well-being and can sometimes also be fatal. Some examples include Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, and Pica. 

Mood Disorders

People often identify mood disorders as a lack of willpower. A mood disorder is a serious mental health disorder that primarily impacts the emotional state of a person. This disorder causes a person to experience prolonged periods of intense happiness, intense sadness, or in some cases, even both. Some examples of mood disorders include Postpartum Depression, Persistent Depressive Disorder, Seasonal Affective Disorder, and Psychotic Depression. 

Psychotic disorders 

Psychotic disorders make tasks such as thinking clearly, making good judgments, direct communication, and behaving appropriately very difficult. Handling daily life with typical activities and staying in touch with reality becomes troublesome for a person with a psychotic disorder. Some examples of psychotic disorders include Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophreniform Disorder, Brief Psychotic Disorder, and Delusional Disorder. 

Personality disorders

A personality disorder causes a person to develop an unhealthy and rigid pattern of negative thinking, behaving, and functioning. A person suffering from a personality disorder can have difficulty perceiving and relating to people and different situations. Personality disorders have a major negative impact on a person’s self-image and self-confidence. Some examples of personality disorders include Avoidant Personality Disorder, Borderline personality disorder, and Narcissistic Personality Disorder. 

Trauma and stress-related disorders

Trauma and stress-related disorders are caused due to exposure to a singular or a series of stressful and traumatic events. These events can cause a person to exhibit abnormal behaviours and thoughts that can cause harm to both their mental and physical well-being. Some examples of trauma and stress-related disorders include Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Acute Stress Disorder, and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder. 

There are many different ways of treating these mental health disorders. A clinical psychologist is trained to help people identify different practices they can employ in order to treat these disorders and lead a more positive and fulfilling life. 

Schedule an online session with an RCI Licensed Clinical Psychologist on Venthrapy today!

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